BEANERY ONLINE LITERARY MAGAZINE
IMPACT ON WESTERN CIVILIZATION:
JULUS & AUGUSTUS CAESAR vs. JESUS CHRIST
Western Civilization has been impacted greatly by various prominent individuals. Many have helped to mold western society in various ways. The most influential individuals have been the Caesars, Julius and Augustus, and Jesus Christ. Although the Caesars and Jesus Christ focused on different areas of impact, I feel as though Jesus Christ had the greatest impact on Western Civilization for many reasons.
First of all, the two Caesars, Julius and Augustus, had an earthly kingdom. This type of kingdom appealed to the people because it was material, so they could see it. It was what affected the people while they were living and what they could easily understand. Each Caesar had different impacts on Western Civilization.
The first of the two Caesars was Julius. Julius Caesar impacted Western Civilization through a series of reforms. He issued reforms on taxes, land, calendars, and government reforms in provinces. Also, Julius Caesar used an interesting philosophy in controlling conquered people. Julius eliminated revolts by treating these conquered people better than previous rulers had, which did away with the thought of riots. Through his reform and rule, Julius Caesar helped shape Western Civilization using basic principles still evident in today’s world.
The second Caesar was Augustus. Immediately following Julius’ assassination, Octavius, who became Augustus, took the reigns as Rome’s ruler. Augustus means first citizen and the father of one’s country, which indicates the type of impact Augustus had on Western Civilization. One of his greatest accomplishments is that he was the founder of the Pax Romania, or peace in Rome. He accomplished this peace by expanding the Empire of Rome and enabling its security with client states. Augustus also restored the city of Rome visually. On top of all this, Augustus continued Julius’ system of reforms. Augustus reformed taxes, created the Praetorian Guard (army), and developed a road system. All of Julius and Augustus Caesar’s works left a great impact on Western Civilization, which helped pave the way for society today.
On the other hand, Jesus Christ had a heavenly kingdom. This required the people to have faith in what was to come to them after death. It was more difficult for citizens to focus on this life-after-death principal, which they could not easily see or touch. Even so, many citizens did have faith and believed in the heavenly kingdom. The heavenly kingdom and God’s creation made it possible for materialistic accomplishments like the Caesars’ to occur. Jesus’ teachings made everything make sense. There would be no world for the Caesar’s to rule without God’s creation. There would be no point to living without the concept of heaven. There would be no effort put into doing good deeds and making smart choices unless some code of ethics was established. Jesus Christ gave Western society a path to follow, which would lead to heaven. He preached the concepts of forgiveness, life after death in heaven, and overall spiritual salvation. Although Jesus’ kingdom was a heavenly one, it is the kingdom that has the most meaning. The heavenly kingdom is the one that holds hope in a better life for all. The poor especially liked this idea of a better after-life. It gave the people comfort when their loved ones died and helped them to live ethically and responsibly with purpose. Jesus’ teachings greatly influence the world today, and have shaped civilization from a spiritual standpoint.
In theory, the Caesars’ standpoint of an earthly kingdom helped mold Western Civilization more on physical terms, while Jesus Christ impacted Western Civilization on spiritual terms. The world still runs on the teachings of Jesus Christ, which puts everything in perspective, and makes the material accomplishments of Julius and Augustus Caesar possible. In regards to which impact was the greatest on Western Civilization as a whole, it would be the spiritual impacts enacted by Jesus Christ.
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